The anal glands are normal structures just inside the rectum of our dogs and cats. While one cleaning session will often solve the problem, in some cases, repeated cleaning is needed. The anal sacs fill with a foul-smelling fluid that is normally expressed through a tiny duct when animals defecate. Cats can become constipated, and can have anal gland problems, for sure. This is also the reason when cats first meet they will smell the anus area as they are checking for this scent.
In Canine and Feline Gastroenterology , If possible, the anal sacs should be emptied by frequent gentle expression for several weeks to prevent recurrence or possible abscessation. The reported diameters of anal sacs normally vary between 0. With this form of infection, the only symptom that you will see is scooting or excessive licking. Cleaning up its rear end from a distance!
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Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. Anorectum In Canine and Feline Gastroenterology , Treatment Treatment of simple anal sac impaction is straightforward, requiring that both of the anal sacs be manually emptied by gentle digital manipulation of the sac during digital rectal examination. The glands will then be cleaned and have antibiotics injected in them to help cure up the infection. It is likely that the cat will require sedation if adequate expression is to be achieved. Results Radiography The anal sacs were invisible on plain radiographs in both dogs and cats. Similar to radiography, the dog anal sacs were ellipsoidal, whereas the cat anal sacs were rounder. In normal situations, the bacteria are flushed out when the secretions are expelled during a bowel movement.
Most cats will require pain relief medications and antibiotics for several days until the swelling and inflammation have subsided. Be sure that cats have at least one litter box per two cats which gets changed every few days. Chronic anal sacculitis and anal sac abscessation will require anal sacculectomy see Box This is not the same as the much more common form of kidney failure, chronic renal failure CRF. Dogs and cats may also attempt to lick the area frequently or turn their heads suddenly as if being "bitten" by something. As well as scooting their bottom along the floor, the cat will begin to pay much more attention to the area than normal.